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concern in the West. Eby discussed how Caesarius andPope Gregory the

Great dealt with the problem.Arianism was the main threat to Caesarius,

while Gregory the Great was much more concernedwith inspiring pastoral

attention to wrestling with and combating heretical activities. Preaching was

seen as central in furthering this change.

The final paper was "Medieval Refinements inAugustinian Theology:

Scholastic Foundations for the Reformation" by DavidLawrence, David

Lipscomb University. Lawrenceasserted that doctrinal definition became

important once more in the High Middle Ages. He presented three case

studies to illustrate how theologians of theHigh Middle Ages sought to fill

the gaps they felt Augustine had left inhis theology:Anselm of Canterbury,

Bernard of Clairvaux, and Duns Scotus. Lawrence argued that there was

more continuity in theological developments than is sometimes understood.

The commentator, Alberto Ferreiro, Seattle PacificUniversity,

congratulated Jeffers for participating in a valuable trendof greater

interdisciplinary studyand asked a number of good questions, including:

were there Jewish writings of the era whichreflect anti-imperial thought?

What about the bookof Revelation and its anti-imperial language? What

about the apocryphal literature?For Eby, he suggested adding Gregory of

Tours to the discussion as wellas a discussion of heresy in Spain at this time.

On Lawrence, he noted the debt of the Reformedchurch to medieval

theology. As Protestants pursue the medieval era, what else will they find?


19TH CENTURY BRITAIN," was chaired by Diana Reynolds, Point Loma

Nazarene University. Shirley Mullen, Westmont College ledoff with a paper

on "Rethinking Hannah More for the21st Century."She began by asking if

we shouldstill be interested in Hannah More. Mullen first looked at More

some 15years ago and found that interest and appreciation for her had

waned, and a balanced assessment of her was lacking.Now scholarly interest

in More is on the rise.Mullen argued that perhaps we could benefit by

studying her using recent organizational categories fromthe humanities,

such as particularity, vocation, and friendship.

This was followed by Mark Weinert,George Fox University, "A

Spirituality of Duty: The Caseof Walter Kerr Hamilton, Bishop of Salisbury."

Hamilton's career intersected a number of significant issuesin the Victorian

Anglican Church. He was a High Churchman (hispreferred term) a friend of

Gladstone, and part of the Oxford Movement, but was also "quintessentially

Victorian" in manyways such as his sense of duty. Hamilton raises the