question of the role that culture plays in spiritual expressionand helps us
better understand these dynamics.
The final paper in thesession was "A Millennial Suffragette: Christabel
Pankhurst" by Robert Clouse, Indiana State University. Clouse's paper
discussed a much-ignored aspectof Ms. Pankhurst's life, the second half of
her life as an evangelical Christian. Many people know about the early part of
her life as a women'strade unionist and suffragette. After World War I, she
seemed to lose interest in radical causes, moved to the U. S asa lecturer on
the Second Coming. Her conversionwas linked to her life-long interest in
bringing justice to humankind. Her conclusionwas that only the return of
Christ would bring true justice.
Session 6on "EVANGELICAL THEMES AND AMERICAN POP
CULTURE" was chaired by Karl Martin of Point Loma Nazarene University.
Bruce Shelvey delivered apaper entitled "The Role That Larry Norman
Played in American Culturein the Late 1960s/Early 1970s." He argues that
Norman was the original "cross-over artist" of the Christian youth movement
of the 1960s, a response to the nihilist, existentialist, drug-happy self-
indulgent pop music of the period.Developing a kind of "radical orthodoxy,"
Norman sponsored an effort to reach out to thecounter-culture while
nevertheless remaining a custodian of tradition. In theend, Norman's project
of reconciling the drift of culture to an essentialist Christianity did not transfer
well to the middle-class, conservative evangelicalism of the Reaganera, and
Norman's work was left to speak mainly to his own time.
David John Marley's paper,"Only Visiting This Planet: The Political
Messages in Christian Rock Music," divided the political messages of Christian
Contemporary Music into two groups, that which presents Christ as a cure-
all, and thatwhich prompts Christians to direct political action. Certain early
groups like theResurrection Band patterned out the early trend in the 1970s
and 1980s within the genre, of a movement fromessentially apocalyptic
indifference to direct protests against the system,typified by their later work
against apartheid. Marley, from GeorgeWashington University, interprets
the political messages of CCM as peaking in theearly 1990s, with an
essentially liberalethos permeating CCM groups, which ultimately began to
wane as labels were bought up by larger corporations.
Thomas T. Taylor of Wittenberg University gave a paper,"Tennessee
v. Scopes versus Inherit the Wind: The Uses of the Scopes Trial in the Play and
the Film," whichsets the interpretation of the historical event by the
Lawrence and Leeplay and Stanley Kramer's film against certain historical