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question of the role that culture plays in spiritual expressionand helps us

better understand these dynamics.

The final paper in thesession was "A Millennial Suffragette: Christabel

Pankhurst" by Robert Clouse, Indiana State University. Clouse's paper

discussed a much-ignored aspectof Ms. Pankhurst's life, the second half of

her life as an evangelical Christian. Many people know about the early part of

her life as a women'strade unionist and suffragette. After World War I, she

seemed to lose interest in radical causes, moved to the U. S asa lecturer on

the Second Coming. Her conversionwas linked to her life-long interest in

bringing justice to humankind. Her conclusionwas that only the return of

Christ would bring true justice.


CULTURE" was chaired by Karl Martin of Point Loma Nazarene University.

Bruce Shelvey delivered apaper entitled "The Role That Larry Norman

Played in American Culturein the Late 1960s/Early 1970s." He argues that

Norman was the original "cross-over artist" of the Christian youth movement

of the 1960s, a response to the nihilist, existentialist, drug-happy self-

indulgent pop music of the period.Developing a kind of "radical orthodoxy,"

Norman sponsored an effort to reach out to thecounter-culture while

nevertheless remaining a custodian of tradition. In theend, Norman's project

of reconciling the drift of culture to an essentialist Christianity did not transfer

well to the middle-class, conservative evangelicalism of the Reaganera, and

Norman's work was left to speak mainly to his own time.

David John Marley's paper,"Only Visiting This Planet: The Political

Messages in Christian Rock Music," divided the political messages of Christian

Contemporary Music into two groups, that which presents Christ as a cure-

all, and thatwhich prompts Christians to direct political action. Certain early

groups like theResurrection Band patterned out the early trend in the 1970s

and 1980s within the genre, of a movement fromessentially apocalyptic

indifference to direct protests against the system,typified by their later work

against apartheid. Marley, from GeorgeWashington University, interprets

the political messages of CCM as peaking in theearly 1990s, with an

essentially liberalethos permeating CCM groups, which ultimately began to

wane as labels were bought up by larger corporations.

Thomas T. Taylor of Wittenberg University gave a paper,"Tennessee

v. Scopes versus Inherit the Wind: The Uses of the Scopes Trial in the Play and

the Film," whichsets the interpretation of the historical event by the

Lawrence and Leeplay and Stanley Kramer's film against certain historical