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Social Thought, andthe American Welfare State, 1906-1945." Ryan, a

professor atCatholic University, had roots in Minnesota populism, and who

also served as editor of CATHOLIC SOCIAL ACTION, a journal devotedto

promoting social justice. Hisseveral publications first promoted guilds as a

means to address problems of industrial capitalism, but later he movedin a

more statist direction, divorcing theology fromsocial justice and helping to

make the welfare state the fullestexpression of Catholic liberals' approach to

creating a just society. Douglas F. Anderson of Northwestern College offered

a comment that focused on the issue of place and location.

Session 11on "URBAN FUNDAMENTALISM IN THE MIDWEST" was

chaired by Steve Messer ofTaylor University. Barbara Dobschuetz of the

University of Illinois at Chicago delivered a paper entitled, "Creatinga

Fundamentalist Cathedral: The Role of Gender and Christian Identityin the

Moody Church, 1864-1900." Dobschuetz focused her research onEmma

Dryer's relationship with the leadership of the Moody Church, inwhich the

prominent evangelical woman promoted a new public rolefor women in the

organization. Her vision for a new school wasultimately curtailed by Moody

himself, but her autobiographynevertheless suggests a sense of personal

fulfillment in pursuing her call to ministry. This issignificant in an age of

proscribed gender roles and ambivalence for public leadership forwomen

within the fundamentalist subculture.

Darren Dochuck of the Universityof Notre Dame presented "'Praying

for a Wicked City': Highland Park Baptist Church andthe Suburbanization of

Fundamentalism." This paper detailed the responses of alargely white,

working- and middle-class congregation in Detroit tothe "urban crisis" of the

1940s and 1950s, finally culminating inits decision to relocate in the face of

changing neighborhood demographics. This pricked the conscienceof those

who maintained a well-developed senseof connectedness to the community.

Although they attempted to "reach out" to the newresidents of the

neighborhood, they failed in their effortsto cultivate diversity in the pews.

After relocation, the church attempted to maintain ties totheir former setting

through partnerships andsister institutions. Dochuck suggests that their

story is a case study of congregational adaptation tosocial change, but also

the racial dimensions ofreligious fundamentalism in the mid-twentieth

century. Mark E. Sidwell of Bob Jones University offered a comment

Session 12 on "BOUNDARIES OF FAITH AND PRACTICE INEARLY

MODERN EUROPE" was chairedby Russell K. Bishop, Gordon College. The

first paper was "BodyBuilding: Dancing, Depravity, and Decay in Early

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