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Brautigam noted that many of the themes presented in thispanel

relate to notessounded elsewhere these two days at Point Loma. He

wondered if Rankin could explore more why Watson apparently "watered

down" Wesley. Heexpressed some pessimism as to whether evangelical

historians can do much to get back in touch with apublic pre-empted by

movies, the mass media, and so forth. He also raised the contradictory

nature of post-modernism, which seems to be opento everything...except

Christians.

Session 14 on "THE CHANGING FACE OF 19TH CENTURY

SPIRITUALITY AND MISSIONS" was chairedby Augustus Cerillo, Jr. of

Vanguard University. Douglas A. Sweeney of Trinity InternationalUniversity

opened with a paper entitled "Institutionalization of the Taylorite-Tylerite

Split and the Disintegration of Edwardsian Culture in AntebellumNew

England." Sweeney argued forthe importance of the Edwardsian school of

theology in New England and in the "Greater New England" of theOld

Northwest, exemplified bythe Edwardsian categories employed by

disputants in the Taylor-Tyler exchange. Loath to declare a final breakfrom

the Edwardsian legacy in New England theologicalwriting, the principal

figures suggest the persistence of the Edwardsianinfluence among the

migrants of the Yankeediaspora, but also the importance of the colonial

theologian in the Yankee cultural hearth.

Gary G. Land of Andrews University delivered a paper entitled"At the

Edges of Holiness: Seventeenth-day AdventismReceives the Holy Spirit,

1892-1900." He analyzed the doctrines of the Holy Spirit articulated by the

leadership of Adventism, and exploredthe relationship between the

organization and the larger holiness movement of the late nineteenthand

early twentieth centuries.

Finally, Gary K. Pranger of Oral RobertsUniversity presented his

paper, "Revivals andPuritan Spirituality: The American Home Missionary

Society in Illinois, 1826-1894, and the Model of JonathanEdwards." This paper

described the shape and content of lettersfrom "Presbygational" missionaries

on the Illinois frontier to the AHMS, particularly withreference to their

Edwardsian pietistic and doctrinal orientation. Pranger'swork suggests some

of the adaptations that latter-day "Puritans" were inducedto make in the face

of competition from other denominations and the adverse conditionsof life

in the mid-nineteenthcentury West. John Wigger from the University of

Missouri offered a comment, followed by audience questions and comments.

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